What Is A SIEM System?

What Is A SIEM System?

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Having a SIEM system can help protect your organization from cyber-attacks. This software lets you view your network’s security events and detect suspicious activity. This is a great way to combat harsh attacks. But if you want to maximize the effectiveness of your SIEM system, you have to make sure to update it regularly. You should keep logs and notifications updated and refine them to detect threats better. 

Overview of SIEM

The SIEM system stores various types of data and analyzes it to determine anomalies. These systems send alerts to security analysts and suspend unusual activity. SIEM systems employ data analysis and correlation engines to make sense of all this data. These tools combine machine learning and artificial intelligence to find patterns in data and provide security analysts with valuable data. 

First, the SIEM system supports encrypted data transfer. The system is generally certified secure and cryptographically bound. Users can define the IP addresses or ranges they want to monitor. Then they can set access rules based on correlation rules. This way, they can determine which IP addresses are authorized to access the SIEM system. For the data gathered at the local level, local SIEM systems act as data sources. In the case of national systems, the SIEM functions would be in one central location.

Functions

If you’re thinking about implementing a SIEM system for your organization, you may wonder what they are and their functions. These systems are designed to provide data that can be used to spot suspicious or fraudulent activity and protect against future incidents. The essential functions of SIEM systems are described below. These systems are usually built on a framework of criterion criteria and correlated data analysis. Splunk, for example, is based on this model.

Security incidents have increased dramatically in recent years, and the number of DDoS attacks has doubled in the past year. With the complexity of these attacks, achieving a stable defense becomes difficult. To accomplish this, SIEM systems monitor events in real-time and generate warnings and alarms based on those events. 

Costs

A SIEM system requires significant staff time to monitor and maintain. In addition to the costs of SIEM software, companies must hire additional staff to investigate false positives, rule out suspicious behavior, and provide an initial response to incidents. In addition to the upfront costs, companies need to account for ongoing expenses, such as increased bandwidth fees and tuning. A good SIEM vendor should offer a managed service option that covers these costs.

A good SIEM will have robust behavior analytics, automation, and machine-learning capabilities. However, these systems also lack features common to other IT management tools, such as vulnerability monitoring, IDPS, and forensics. Also, the user-based pricing structure makes the costs of a SIEM system transparent. However, the price tag can be high. Most SIEM vendors charge between $50k and $100,000 for a single license.

Implementation

You can’t ignore the benefits of SIEM systems. For years, organizations could only afford to implement complete SIEM systems. In recent years, however, all-in-one SIEM systems have been introduced. These systems incorporate all of the necessary SIEM functions into a single box. These all-in-one SIEMs include the HP ArcSight express, the Tibco LogLogic MX, the McAfee Nitro ESM, and the QRadar 2100 All-In-One Appliance.

The first step in the SIEM implementation process is determining who will use the SIEM. Many users will need to access the system. They should be diverse and comprised of internal experts, professionals with SOC experience, and experts knowledgeable in the SIEM systems. Some users only need direct read-only access, while others need higher-level access. When deciding who will access specific techniques, it is essential to assess the users’ security needs and implement a system that meets them.